In today’s video we’re expanding our vocabulary and learning a new English word – “INCISION.”
To understand the meaning of a word and to drive it deep into your memory it is very helpful to break it into parts and to study its origin.
This word is made up of three parts – the prefix, the root, and the suffix. The root is “cidere,” it comes from Latin, and it means “to cut.” The prefix in this word is IN, which means In or Into in Latin.
So, if the prefix is “IN,” and the root is cidere, then why is the word not INCIDERE? Well, that’s because some letters change when a Latin root is used in an English word. So, instead of the D we have the letter S. It just sounds better in English.
The suffix -ION means the “state of” or the “condition of.” Which also means that the word is a noun. So, the Latin suffix ION indicates that the word is a noun.
And so, we have our word. IN – which means In; CIS – which means to Cut; and ION – which means the state of or the condition of.
Thus, the translation is “the state or condition of cutting into something.” An incision is what a doctor does when she performs a surgery. She cuts into the patient’s body, and that cut as called an incision.
We’ll continue building our vocabulary in the upcoming videos and will pick up with the Latin root “CIDERE” in the next one.
In the comments below, let me know what words you want to learn and drive deep into your memory.
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More vocabulary building lessons here: Vocabulary Videos