In this video you will learn the three main parts of a sentence – the Subject, the Verb, and the Object.
I often refer to these parts in my videos, and I discovered that not everyone is perfectly clear on what exactly they are and what they mean. So, let me explain.
The word “sentence” comes from the Latin word “sententia,” which means “thought.” And when you think, when you engage in this very important human activity, you must think about something. That something is your Subject.
In other words, the Subject is what the sentence is about. “A woman is reading a book.” In this sentence, the word “woman” is the Subject. What or who is the sentence about? It’s about a woman.
Now, the next part of the sentence is the word “reading.” This is the Verb. The Verb tells us what you’re trying to say ABOUT the Subject.
So, the Subject is “a woman,” and what about her? Well, she is reading.
And here’s something very important. If we just say, “a woman is reading,” this would be a complete sentence. Remember – any sentence MUST have at least a Subject AND a Verb. Otherwise, it’s not a sentence.
Which means that the Object is optional. Not all sentences have Objects. But all sentences have a Subject and a Verb. Well, in our sentence, we have an Object, which is “a book.”
The Object is what the Subject does the Verb to.
Let me say it better: Subjects DO (or HAVE or ARE) Objects. Thus, “a woman is READING a book,” “a woman HAS a book,” or “a woman IS a book,” which is silly, of course, because she is not a book, obviously.
So, let’s correct that and say, “a woman is NOT a book,” where “a woman” is the Subject, “IS NOT” is the Verb, and “a book” is the Object.
I hope this helped you clarify things about these main parts of the sentence. In future videos I’ll show you some of the most common mistakes students make in their sentences when they are not sure what the Subject, the Verb, or the Object is.
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